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PHP与EXCEL PHPExcel
作者:吴桥县齐源纤维素有限公司 来源:www.qy-xws.com 发布时间:2017-09-09 10:31:57
PHP与EXCEL PHPExcel

1、PHPExcel简介

PHPExcel 是用来操作Office Excel 文档的一个PHP类库,它基于微软的OpenXML标准和PHP语言。可以使用它来读取、写入不同格式的电子表格,如 Excel (BIFF) .xls, Excel 2007 (OfficeOpenXML) .xlsx, CSV, Libre/OpenOffice Calc .ods, Gnumeric, PDF, HTML等等。

2、EXCEL导出文件

include 'PHPExcel.php'; include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php'; //或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用于输出.xls的 创建一个excel $objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel(); 保存excel—2007格式 $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel); //或者$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 非2007格式 $objWriter->save("xxx.xlsx"); 直接输出到浏览器 $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); header("Pragma; public"); header("Expires; 0″); header("Cache-Control;must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0″); header("Content-Type;application/force-download"); header("Content-Type;application/vnd.ms-execl"); header("Content-Type;application/octet-stream"); header("Content-Type;application/download");; header('Content-Disposition;attachment;filename="resume.xls"'); header("Content-Transfer-Encoding;binary"); $objWriter->save('php;//output'); ——————————————————————————————————————– 设置excel的属性: 创建人 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw"); 最后修改人 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw"); 标题 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document"); 题目 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document"); 描述 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes."); 关键字 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php"); 种类 $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file"); ——————————————————————————————————————– 设置当前的sheet $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0); 设置sheet的name $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple'); 设置单元格的值 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2;C4)'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2;C5)'); 合并单元格 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18;E22'); 分离单元格 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18;E22'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A28;B28'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28;B28'); 保护cell $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection! $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3;E13', 'PHPExcel'); 设置格式 // Set cell number formats echo date('H;i;s') . " Set cell number formats\n"; $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat;;FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5;E13' ); 设置宽width // Set column widths $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12); 设置font $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font;;UNDERLINE_SINGLE); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color;;COLOR_WHITE); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color;;COLOR_WHITE); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true); 设置align $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY); //垂直居中 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;VERTICAL_CENTER); 设置column的border $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN); 设置border的color $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); 设置填充颜色 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill;;FILL_SOLID); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill;;FILL_SOLID); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080'); 加图片 $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing(); $objDrawing->setName('Logo'); $objDrawing->setDescription('Logo'); $objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg'); $objDrawing->setHeight(36); $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()); $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing(); $objDrawing->setName('Paid'); $objDrawing->setDescription('Paid'); $objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png'); $objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15'); $objDrawing->setOffsetX(110); $objDrawing->setRotation(25); $objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true); $objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45); $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()); 在默认sheet后,创建一个worksheet echo date('H;i;s') . " Create new Worksheet object\n"; $objPHPExcel->createSheet(); 3、EXCEL导入

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